NCAA Division I Men’s Basketball Tournament
The NCAA Division I Men’s Basketball Tournament, also known and branded as NCAA March Madness, is a single-elimination tournament played each spring in the USA, now comprising 64 college basketball teams from the Division I level of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), to ascertain the national championship. The tournament was created in 1939 by the National Association of Basketball Coaches, also has been Ohio State coach Harold Olsen’s Notion.  Played during March, it’s turned into one of the most well-known annual sporting events in the USA. [citation ]
The tournament teams comprise winners out of 32 Division I conferences (that get automatic bids), and 36 teams that are awarded at-large berths. All these”at-large” teams have been chosen by an NCAA selection committee, then declared in a nationally televised event on the Sunday preceding the”First Four” play-in matches, currently held in Dayton, Ohio, and dubbed Selection Sunday. The 68 teams are broken up into four areas and coordinated to some single-elimination”bracket”, which pre-determines, when a team wins a game, which group it will face next. Each group is”seeded”, or rated, within its area from 1 to 16. After the First Four, the championship happens at neutral sites across the USA, throughout the course of three weekends. Teams, seeded by position, undergo a single-game removal bracket beginning with a”first four” consisting of 8 low-seeded teams playing 4 matches to get a position in the initial round the Tuesday and Wednesday before the first round starts, a primary round comprising 64 teams playing in 32 games within the span of a week, the”Sweet Sixteen” and”Elite Eight” rounds another week and weekend, respectively, and — to the last weekend of the tournament — the”Final Four” round. The Final Four is usually played during the weekend of April. These four groups, one from every area (East, South, Midwest, and West), compete in a preselected location for the national championship.
The tournament has been at least partly televised since 1969.  Currently, the matches are broadcast by CBS, TBS, TNT, and truTV under the trade-name NCAA March Madness. Since 2011, all games can be found for seeing nationwide and globally. As television coverage has increased, so too has the championship’s popularity. At present, millions of Americans fill out a bracket, trying to correctly predict the results of 63 matches of the championship (not including the First Four games).
Together with 11 titles, UCLA has the record for the most NCAA Men’s Division I Basketball Championships; John Wooden. The University of Kentucky (UK) is next, with eight national titles. The University of North Carolina is third, with six titles, and Indiana University and Duke University are tied for fourth with five national titles. The University of Connecticut is with four national titles. The University of Kansas (KU) & Villanova are tied for 7th with three national titles. Since 1985, once the tournament expanded to 64 teams, Duke has won five championships; North Carolina and UConn have won four; Kentucky & Villanova have three; Kansas & Florida have 2; and Arizona, Arkansas, Indiana, Maryland, Michigan, Michigan State, Louisville[a], Syracuse, UCLA, UNLV, and Virginia have one.
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